Today, Indonesia Services Dialogue (ISD) held an FGD regarding Data Sharing inviting the Central Bureau of Statistics of Indonesia, Ministry of Communication and Information, PWC, and CSIS Indonesia as the speaker, also inviting various ministries, business actors, and academics as participants.
Opening the discussion, Devi Ariyani, Executive Director of ISD stated that as the digital era is emerging, data is now not only used as information but as an important commodity used by business actors not only to improve customer service but also to research & develop products and develop the business even further. From the government perspective, data are not only used as a policy basis but also as a commerce supervision tool and cyber-crime and fraud transaction repression tool. That reason raises our need to discuss the data scope needed, the mechanism, legal implication for cross-border data, and lastly which ministries and/or agencies have the role and privilege to ask for data and also processing the data.
Puji Agus Kurniawan, Director of the Expenditure Balance of BPS, stated that data regarding the digital economy are much needed nowadays especially for data-driven policymaking. From the discussions that have taken place, BPS has already reviewed the draft especially regarding individual data protection, data security, and data sharing. Data that is required to be sent through this regulation is only used for statistical purposes. Regarding securities, security systems on several levels are applied, from network to data-level security.
Mariam F. Barata, Director of Informatics Application Management of the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology, also stated that the related technical ministries need data, and that must be regulated so that there are rules regarding the ministry that is authorized for data collection and other technical ministries. Also, there needs to be ruled regarding data restrictions, both personal data and aggregate data.
Yohanes Yoso Nicodemus, Senior Managing Associate of Melli Darsa&Co, a member firm of PWC stated that there are three main concern of their clients regarding data. First, lack of transparency on how far government can have access to personal data, second, there is a trend on data center localization, and third, there is a fear of unwanted access to their personal data. One thing for certain, government authority should not be absolute that abuse can be done in regard to data access. It can also be considered to form a company threshold with a certain scale (transaction volume or type of business) that does not burden MSME business actors. In addition, regarding content moderation, the international trend for moderating content on platforms is considered a self-regulating entity.
Yose Rizal Damuri, Head of the Department of Economics of CSIS stated that the most important thing that has to be considered regarding the data sharing aspect should be regulated on a high level, not only discretionary on every ministry and agency. If the regulation is the latter, it means that every ministry and agency is given the privilege to regulate themselves. Also, a new layer for coordination, namely a clearinghouse for data are needed to maintain authority on every party involved and not only to make sure data can be used but also to give a guarantee on data owners that there is adequate protection on the data.