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With the advent of industry 4.0, the role of services as input to manufacturing is heightened, as expressed by ISD team at Coordinating Ministry of Economic Affairs’ discussion on Implementation and Challenges of Industry 4.0 (Bogor, 27/02). Services contribute from research and development, production process, distribution, to after-sale services.  Research suggests that services can make up to 54% of the value of manufacturing products – therefore, trade in services should not be constrained.